Summers are only great if you can keep your home cool and comfortable when the humidity goes up. If your air conditioner has shown some signs of struggling or has maxed out its lifespan, then it’s probably time you go shopping around for a new one. While at it, it’s important to know what your options are. An HVAC service should be aware and able to advise homeowners on the types of systems available. Here are four different types of cooling systems you can choose from.
- Central Air Conditioner
The central air conditioner is by far the most common type of cooling system. These types of systems use a network of ducts to supply air throughout the home. Typically, central air conditioners have two parts: an outdoor unit containing compressor and condenser coils, and an indoor unit with evaporator coils. The two units are linked together by refrigerant lines. For a central air conditioner to work optimally, it has to be proportional to the size of the home.
- Evaporative Air Conditioner
Evaporate coolers are also commonly referred to as swamp coolers. Though they are not as popular, they are low-cost and quite energy-efficient. They particularly work well in hot, dry climates, such as the Southwest regions of the United States. These coolers use a fan to draw in outside air and pull it through moist air pads. Here, the air is cooled by evaporation before being circulated throughout the house. An evaporative cooling system could produce air that is 20-30 degrees cooler.
- Ductless Mini-Split Systems
The other cooling system you might consider is the ductless mini-split system. These systems, too, have two units: indoor and outdoor. However, unlike central systems, ductless mini-split systems take up less indoor space. The indoor handlers could go to the walls or ceilings of the designated rooms.
These systems have benefits such as even temperature distribution and zoned temperature control, making it easier for individuals to customize the temperature in their respective rooms. They also have a quieter operation. Being ductless, you wouldn’t have to worry about dirt buildup in the ducts.
- Room Air Conditioners
You can either mount room air conditioners in the windows or through walls. Either way, they work the same way, where the compressor is located outside. As the name suggests, room air conditioners are only designed to cool one room. Therefore, to cool the whole house, you would need a couple of them. The good thing is that the individual units are relatively inexpensive.
A cooling system is a long-term investment. Before buying, weigh all your options to pick one that best suits your need.